An Iconic American Vietnam and Gulf War veteran:
the Legendary Armored Personnel Carrier!
The M113 is a fully tracked armored personnel carrier (APC) that was developed by Food Machinery Corp (FMC). The vehicle was first fielded by the United States Army’s mechanized infantry units in Vietnam in April 1962.
The M113 was the most widely used armored vehicle of the U.S. Army in the Vietnam War, earning the nickname ‘Green Dragon’ by the Viet Cong as it was used to break through heavy thickets in the midst of the jungle to attack and overrun enemy positions, where it became as familiar and iconic as the Huey helicopter.
It was largely known as an “APC” or an “ACAV” (armored cavalry assault vehicle) by the allied forces.
The M113 introduced new aluminum armor that made the vehicle much lighter than earlier vehicles; it was thick enough to protect the crew and passengers against small arms fire but light enough that the vehicle was air transportable and moderately amphibious.
In the U.S. Army, the M113 series have long been replaced as front-line combat vehicles by the M2 and M3 Bradleys, but large numbers are still used in support roles such as armored ambulance, mortar carrier, engineer vehicle, and command vehicle. The U.S. Army’s heavy brigade combat teams are equipped with approximately 6,000 M113s and 4,000 Bradleys.
The M113’s versatility spawned a wide variety of adaptations that live on worldwide, and in U.S. service. These variants together currently represent about half of U.S. Army armored vehicles.
It is estimated that over 80,000 M113s of all types have been produced and used by over 50 countries worldwide, making it one of the most widely used armored fighting vehicles of all time. The Military Channel’s Top Ten series named the M113 the most significant infantry vehicle in history!
Probably since WW2 and the Universal Carrier, no armored transport has been produced to the extent of the M113, and this remains a record until today at least for a tracked vehicle. The M113 was a true modern “battle wagon”, amphibious, NBC protected, and offering a full protection to its crew. The M113 is no longer in use as an APC in the United States Forces and US Marines, but in specialized variants, now largely superseded by the M2/M3 Bradley IFVs. However it is still in use in perhaps 50 armies worldwide, and will probably be still around in the next twenty years, not always as an APC as one of the numerous variants and derivatives of the model, but also built under license or copied.
It should be noted that the absolute record is now held by the practical successor of the Jeep and classed now as a wheeled APC, the Humvee and its 280,000 vehicles built.
Such production levels, still, are unusual for a Western tracked Armored Vehicle. It is due to a concept validated over time by the Food and Machinery Corporation, and which was good overall in its basic version to be adapted in a large variety of configurations. It was bloodied in dozens of conflicts due to its large availability.
M113A1 , fully running and driving with very low mileage but could use some TLC (Tender Love and Care) and a fresh layer of paint.
|Model:||M113 A1 Ammunition carrier|
|Weight:||12.3 tonnes (13.6 short tons; 12.1 long tons)|
|Crew:||3 (commander, gunner, driver)|
|Engine:||Detroit 6V53T, 6-cyl. diesel 275 hp (205 kW) P/w 22.36 hp/tonne|
|Transmission:||Allison TX-100-1 3-speed automatic|
|Suspension:||Independent torsion bars, 5 road wheels|
|Speed:||42 mph (68 km/h) road/3.6 mph (5.8 kph) swimming|
|Range||300 miles/480 km|
|Dimensions:||Length overall: 15.11 ft (4.86 m)
Width overall: 8.97 ft (2.68 m)
Height overall: 8.2 ft (2.50 m)
Ground clearance: 17.3 in (440 mm)
|Armament:||Main: cal.50 12.7 mm (0.5 in) Browning M2HB MHG
Secondary: 2 portable M60 0.3 in (7.62 mm)
|Armour:||aluminum 12–38 millimetres (0.47–1.50 in)|
|Date of Delivery:||Build in the sixties|